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Brunswick High School
3885 Altama Avenue
Brunswick, GA 31520
Principal: Toriano Gilbert
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AP Human Geography » Unit 7 Cities and Urban land use

Unit 7 Cities and Urban land use


A. Development and character of cities
    1. Origin of cities
    2. Rural–urban migration and urban growth
    3. Global cities and megacities
    4. Suburbanization and edge cities
B. Models of urban systems
    1. Rank-size rule
    2. Central place theory
    3. Gravity model
C. Models of internal city structure
    1. Concentric zone model
    2. Sector model
    3. Multiple-nuclei model
    4. Changing employment mix
    5. Changing demographic and social structures
    6. Uneven development, ghettoization, and gentrification
D. Built environment and social space
    1. Housing
    2. Transportation and infrastructure
    3. Political organization of urban areas
    4. Urban planning and design
    5. Patterns of race, ethnicity, gender, and socioeconomic status
    The course divides urban geography into two subfields. The first is the study of
systems of cities, focusing on where cities are located and why they are there. This
involves an examination of such topics as the current and historical distribution of
cities; the political, economic, and cultural functions of cities; reasons for differential
growth among cities; and types of transportation and communication linkages among
cities. Theories of settlement geography, such as Christaller’s central place theory, the
rank size rule, and the gravity model are also introduced. Quantitative information on
such topics as population growth, migration fields, zones of influence, and job creation
are used to analyze changes in the urban hierarchy.
    The second subfield focuses on the form, internal structure, and landscapes of
cities and emphasizes what cities are like as places in which to live and work. Students
are introduced to such topics as the analysis of patterns of urban land use, racial and
ethnic segregation, types of intracity transportation, architectural traditions, and
cycles of uneven construction and development. Students’ understanding of cities as
places is enhanced by both quantitative data from the census and qualitative
information from narrative accounts and field studies.
    Students also study models of internal city structure: for example, the Burgess concentric zone model, the Hoyt sector model, and the Harris–Ullman multiple nuclei model. Topics such as economic
systems, culture, architectural history, and the evolution of various transportation
technologies in different parts of the world can be useful in the analysis of spatial
patterns and landscapes evident in cities.
    While much of the literature in urban geography focuses on the cities of North America, comparative urbanization is an increasingly important topic. The study of European, Islamic, East and South Asian, Latin American, and sub-Saharan African cities serves to illustrate how differing economic systems and cultural values can lead to variations in the spatial structures and landscapes of urban places.
    Students also examine current trends in urban development that are affecting urban places, such as the emergence of edge cities, new urbanism, and the gentrification of neighborhoods. In addition, students evaluate urban planning design initiatives and community actions, such as those that reduce energy use and protect the environment, that will shape cities in the future.

Related Files

    doc Urbanization guided reading Ch. 9 (doc file - 1.88 MB)

    doc Unit outline/vocabulary (doc file - 41 KB)

    doc doc file: You need the Microsoft Word program, a free Microsoft Word viewer, or a program that can import Word files in order to view this file. To learn more about the free Microsoft Word Viewer, visit the Microsoft Word website.

Mr. Brewer
Glynn County School System
Brunswick High School
3920 Habersham St
Brunswick, GA 31525